history

History of Sweden from the ice Age to modern Age

The history of Sweden began in the pre-history period 12,000 years BC at the end of the Stone age at the time.

there were reindeer hunting camps belonging to the culture of bromine, which is now located in the southernmost region.

This period was marking by the presence of small groups of fishermen who used to catch weapons made of flint stone.

History of Sweden The old age

The old age is a period of time that has gone on very long ago.

It can also be calling prehistoric times. About 15,000 years ago, all of Sweden was covered with ice.

This period is calling the Ice Age.

After 3000 years the ice disappeared from southern Sweden and the plant began to grow and animals and humans came.

Humans lived on hunting, fishing and collecting plants that could have been eaten.

About 6,000 years ago, people in Sweden started learning to plant and grow animals.

They started using stone and wood tools.

This period was therefore name the Stone Age.

About 1,500 years before Gregorian/syphilis, people in Sweden started manufacturing things from metal and bronze.

This period is calling the Bronze Age. Now people are starting to buy and sell things in Europe.

Almost 500 years before Gregorian/syphilis, people in Sweden started using iron objects.

This period is called the Iron Age.

Viking Age

The period between the 9th and 11th centuries is calling the Viking Age.

The Vikings were adept at building boats and used to sail sailing boats at sea.

They were fighting and trading with many other countries.

The Vikings seized power in several countries in northern Europe.

Medieval Times

In the history of Sweden, the medieval dividing line was set from about 1000 to the 1920s.

Before the arrival of Christianity in Sweden, people believed in many gods.

The most famous gods are (Oden), (Tor) and Freja.

It is called the Left religion (Asatro).

When the Christian religion reached Sweden, society changed.

Sweden got its first Christian king, (Olof Skötkonung), in about 1000 A.D.

During the 13th century, a lot of things happened.

Agriculture and trade have become more organized.

New cities have been built. Sweden has been dividing into provinces.

Each province had its own law.

At first there were oral laws but they were not writing on paper.

The first laws were writing in the 13th century.

In the Middle Ages, a Swedish parliament was developing to take decisions on the laws in force in the country.

The Parliament was dividing into four parts: the nobility, the clergy, the feudal/bourgeois, and the peasants.

The nobles formed a class with power and rights descended through inheritance.

The clergy got a lot of power over the population and owned 20% of Sweden’s best territory.

The bourgeoisie controlled trade and handicrafts in the cities.

The major farmers/feudal leaders were in control of the rural life.

The peasants were living in the countryside, and they were working in cultivating the land and raising animals.

Northern Union

During the late Middle Ages a conflict between Denmark, Norway and Sweden revolved around who will govern the north.

In 1397, the Nordic countries signed the Convention, known as the Kalmar Union.

As a result of the Kalmar Union, all countries have become a single country.

The era of great power of history of Sweden

During the 16th century, important events took place in the world.

Columbus traveled to America. Gutenberg invented the art of printing books.

The Pope, who was leading the Catholic Church from Rome, lost control of a large part of his church.

Many people in Sweden were dissatisfying with the style of the Danish king’s rule of the Union.

The Stockholm massacre is a famous incident that occurred when the Danish king cut off the heads of 100 nobles in Stockholm.

After the massacre, the Swedes declared rebellion.

Gustave Vaasa (Gustav Vasa) was the one who collected a Swedish army and acquired power from the King of Denmark.

Gustav Vasa then became king on 6 June June 1523.

Peace prevailed in Sweden and the King succeeded in uniting the country.

Thus, 6 June June became Sweden’s national day.

Gustav Vasa a king of Sweden

When Gustav Vasa was king, the church changed.

The German Pastor Martin Luther (Martin Luther) has greatly influenced the Swedish church.

Martin Luther had many new ideas on how the church should be.

The church, which until then was Catholic, became Protestant.

The church thus had to abandon much of the land and had to pay taxes to the state which had become stronger.

At the same time, the Parliament (the Regency) got more power.

From the mid-16th century until the beginning of the eighteenth century, Sweden fought several wars around the Baltic Sea.

The Baltic Sea was an important sea for trade.

Wars were fought to control the Baltic Sea.

Sweden also participated in a religious war that lasted for 30 years between 1618-1648 years.

Sweden also fought a war with Denmark, Russia, Poland and Germany and took control of large parts of the Baltic Sea.

In the mid-17th century, Sweden seized large parts of northern Germany and Poland.

Sweden has then become a superpower.

In addition to the size of Sweden today, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, and parts of Russia and Germany are under Swedish control.

Later, the King of Sweden,  (Karl XII), was forcing to abandon the areas that are now outside Sweden because he lost several wars.

In 1721 the peace in Sweden was resolving again and the time of the country that became a superpower around the Baltic Sea was over.

 

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